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Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee - an Introduction to One of the Best Coffees in the World

Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee is a smooth roast, with rich and aromatic tones. This flavorful coffee is considered to be one of the world’s best coffees, even an experience everyone should taste.


The Beginning of Jamaica’s Coffee Trade

The history of Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee is just as rich and interesting as the coffee itself. According to one legend, King Louis XV of France sent three coffee plants to the French colony of Martinique, around 1723. Of the three plants, only one survived, which was given to former Jamaican Governor, Sir Nicholas Lawes, approximately five years later. Once this coffee plant arrived on Jamaican soil, a coffee crop was quickly established thanks to their soil being rich in nitrogen, potash, and phosphorous. Less than ten years later, coffee exportation had already begun. By the early nineteenth century, more than 600 coffee plantations had been established.

All of the coffee plants grown in Jamaica today are descendents of that single plant and are of the Arabica Typica variety.


The Blue Mountains Factor: Why Does That Coffee Taste So Good?

The fantastic Blue Mountain taste is achieved by a combination of three different factors: altitude, a special kind of rich, nutrient-laden soil called volcanic soil, and the treatment processes undergone by the beans once they are harvested.

The hub of Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee production is, of course, Jamaica’s Blue Mountains, which are a magnificent mountain range that rises more than seven thousand feet above sea level. The high altitude, dense cloud cover, and low annual rainfall of the region all serve to slow down the maturation rate of the coffee crop. In this region, crops take up to ten months to mature, whereas in most other parts of the world, the average time taken is five to six months. The longer maturation time produces beans that are larger and have a more concentrated and complex flavor.

Like every other mountain in the islands of the Caribbean, Jamaica’s Blue Mountains are the peaks of extinct volcanoes. Throughout centuries of eruptions, the soil created on the peaks of the Blue Mountains have become extremely nutrient-rich due to the decomposition of plant life and the deposition of accumulated biomass. This extraordinarily rich soil is an important ingredient in producing the exceptional quality coffee beans that go into every cup of Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee.

This is not the entire story, however. There is one more important factor without which Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee would not be as highly-regarded as it is today. The production and distribution of Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee is rigorously regulated and protected by the Jamaican government to ensure that every bean roasted and every cup brewed is of its highest quality.

For example, only coffee beans grown at an altitude of between 3,000 and 5,500 feet are allowed to bear the name Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee. If the coffee plants are grown between 1,500 and 3,000 feet, the coffee is known as Jamaica High Mountain Coffee, and plants grown below 1,500 feet are Jamaica Low Mountain or Jamaica Supreme Coffee. These regulations ensure that all Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee is grown at the special altitude that delays maturation of the coffee plants produces that complex and rich flavored coffee. In addition, there are geographical, as well as elevation requirements in order to bear the Jamaican Blue Mountain name. Due to this, the coffee plants must be grown in one of only four parishes within the region.

Another unique aspect of Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee is that each bean is pulped, washed and allowed to age for a full six weeks. Before export of Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee is allowed, it is checked for appearance and taste to ensure that every single batch of coffee is of its highest quality.


How to Best Enjoy Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee

Once you have made the effort to purchase one of the very best coffees in the world, it would be almost criminal if you did not ensure that your coffee is properly stored and brewed!

Storing your coffee properly requires that it be sealed in an airtight container away from any foods with strong odors or flavors like curry powder or other strong spices. Refrigeration in an airtight container is the ideal way to store ground beans.

You can keep your coffee tasting great by cleaning your coffee pot immediately following each use. Never use detergent or other cleaners in your coffee pot because this can affect the taste. Simply empty the pot, brush it, and rinse it thoroughly with hot water. Additionally, give the pot a rinse with hot water before making a fresh batch of Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee

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